World in Peril is one of the most highly pedigreed and well researched sources presenting evidence of past and future cataclysmic events. Knowledge of Project Nanook may well have been the source of information used by Chan Thomas in writing his 1963 book, The Adam and Eve Story.
As a once-classified but now highly significant story to emerge from Cold War aviation, made personal by the unique perspective of the unit commander responsible for the operation, (then) Major Maynard E. White, World in Peril recreates the pioneering work of the first operational unit in the newly-formed Strategic Air Command, assigned SAC’s first operational mission, “Project Nanook” – to assess the Soviet threat in the Arctic immediately after World War II. This is the aviation unit that developed the Grid System of Navigation that opened up arctic skies to world aviation and enabled the Strategic Air Command to become the global deterrent force that kept the peace throughout the Cold War – an achievement recently cited as one of the ten greatest accomplishments of the United States during the last half-century!
But World in Peril is more than a hitherto unknown chapter of history. It also provides an explanation, based on the unit’s findings, of how Pentagon scientists determined our globe has evolved in prehistory, and how another earth-reshaping cataclysm is imminent! Now we can understand why mammoths and mastodons found in the arctic permafrost had been instantaneously frozen with subtropical vegetation in their mouths and stomachs. World in Peril may be the only book in print that accurately explains the elusive triggering mechanism for the phenomena known to scientists for over 200 years as “crustal shift,” and what it implies.
Washington Post: (October 7, 1946) – “General George C. Kenney [Commander of Strategic Air Command]: ‘Apparently the magnetic North Pole is about 200 miles closer to the North Pole than previously believed.‘”
Although contemporary science raises numerous questions, many of their answers may have been found by government scientists and geographers over forty-five years ago. The data on terrestrial magnetism that the 46th/72nd Squadron obtained indicated that the magnetic pole was 125 to 200 miles north of where it was predicted to be according to projections from findings obtained on earlier expeditions. This indicated that the north magnetic pole had moved toward the geographic pole much faster than previously anticipated. Among the government scientists, the question arose as to what would happen when the magnetic and geographic poles coincided.
To answer this, under the project control of Dr. Paul A. Siple, the Rand Corporation was contracted to conduct lab studies using models of the earth constructed of concentric spheres – an inner sphere representing the electromagnetically-charged molten iron core of the earth whose axis defined the “magnetic” poles; and an outer sphere representing the crust of the earth which rotated around a “geographic” polar axis. It was determined through repeated experimentation that as the “magnetic” pole approached the “geographic” pole, the “magnetic” pole would at some point accelerate its rate of convergence as though pulled toward the “geographic” pole by centripetal force and jump to coincide; but instead of the poles coinciding, the “magnetic” pole would rapidly “flip” around the “geographic” pole, then spin off towards the equator as though by centrifugal force, ending up at a position where the two axes assumed an approximate 89-degree divergence. After this polar “flip” occurred, the axes would then gradually begin to reconverge over a long period of time.
This “polar flip” phenomenon may explain how crustal shifts are triggered. Albert Einstein, in his foreword to Hapgood’s book, stated that, “such displacements [crustal shifts] may take place as the consequence of comparatively slight forces exerted on the crust…” It is believed that the earth’s magnetic field originates in its electromagnetically-charged core; and that in the presence of this field, the crust becomes discernibly magnetized over a period of time. It may be that, much as a rotating magnet draws iron filings, when the magnetic pole “flips”, the induction caused by the radical and rapid rotation of the earth’s magnetic field impels the crust to break from the underlying asthenosphere and follow. Unlike what is known as a 180-degree “magnetic pole reversal,” the 90-degree magnetic polar flip would theoretically exert maximum lateral magnetic pull on the crust, causing it to shift.
If crustal shifts are triggered by polar flips, it could explain what has happened and could happen on our planet, and help us to better understand the earth’s geologic history. It is fairly well-known that the earth’s crust has shifted, accounting for “continental drift.” As Hapgood suggests, a previous shifting of Hudson Bay to the north geographic pole would not only explain the last “ice ages,” but also the once-warmer climates of Siberia, Alaska and the Arctic Ocean, then being at lower latitudes. Only when the crust subsequently shifted to its present position were Alaska and the lush, northern steppes of Siberia turned into arctic tundra, freezing the inhabitants.’ Similar cataclysms have undoubtedly occurred throughout geologic history, when, according to paleomagnetic evidence, California, Hawaii, areas off the coasts of Russia and Japan, and even South Africa were at different times shifted to the north polar area.”
The question of how fast crustal shifts occur is an all-important one. A clue to this mystery may have been found at Fairbanks Creek, on the outskirts of Fairbanks, Alaska in 1948. During sluicing operations while mining for gold, a team was thawing and washing away the permafrost to get to the gold ore at bedrock level when they uncovered the frozen remains of a young (first year) mammoth. Unearthed were the remarkably well-preserved head, trunk and front leg of the animal which paleontologists soon named “Effie”. Two interesting aspects of the frozen fauna were evident. The lush vegetation in its mouth and carbon-dating analysis indicated that the animal had died during the growing season in an apparently warm climate 20,000 to 22,600 years ago.’ And secondly, the animal had been frozen immediately after death, since its flesh was said to be edible. For some reason, a mammoth foraging in the summertime or early fall was almost instantaneously frozen and remained so for at least twenty millennia. More perplexing is how a freshly-killed and frozen animal could be found deep in the permafrost. Perhaps the most likely explanation is that Effie, like several hundred thousand other Pleistocene animals, was suddenly killed and buried by an unseasonal, subfreezing glacial loess- or silt-storm, accompanied by a major, permanent climactic change.
Another curious observation occurred during an archaeological dig at the remains of a “sunken” prehistoric tropical lake community between Nome and Kotzebue, Alaska. While digging in the permafrost among the remains of the lake community, an archaeologist unearthed a mosquito in a piece of ice from the 10,000 year old stratum, and set it in the sunlight to thaw. Shortly after the ice had melted, the mosquito stretched its wings and then flew away.‘ Apocryphal as it may sound, this event corroborates our previous observation. In order for a living creature to be successfully revived after being frozen, its freezing would have to be followed by a sharp and permanent drop in temperature. Normal climatic freezing would have caused ice crystals to grow within the creature’s cells and tissues, rupturing the membranes and causing the animal’s destruction. Therefore, the conclusion would seem inescapable that something cataclysmic caused these sudden deep freezings of temperate or tropical regions and their inhabitants. A rapid crustal shift of lower-latitude land masses into the Arctic would explain these observations.
Crustal shift, as an explanation for the geologic upheavals of the past, would also account for the fantastic tectonic stresses that are the probable causative factors in the formation of new mountain ranges. During a scientific meeting at the Pentagon, it was discussed how the flip phenomenon would cause a “cooling effect”, followed by a bilateral “contraction” of the earth and the formation of another “ring of mountain ranges around the planet”. Counting the existing chains of mountain ranges of this type on land and within the oceans, they concluded that at least five major polar “flips” had occurred in fairly recent geologic history.
The polar-flip phenomenon could have other dramatic consequences. In the previous chapter, Frank Magill says, “shifting of the earth’s surface relative to its axis of rotation is almost certainly a major cause of so-called ice ages…” It stands to reason that a major crustal shift would not only transport the old ice caps to the lower latitudes, but it would produce “ice age” conditions in the new polar regions (which were formerly temperate or tropical areas). Not only would these new polar areas rapidly cool, receiving less solar radiation; but they could be subject to a progressive cooling effect through “positive feedback” with “a little cold begetting more of the same,” until any new polar landmasses were sub-frozen within a matter of hours. Precipitation would increase as the old ice caps quickly evaporate in the lower latitudes, causing torrential rains and flooding in the new temperate and tropic zones as well as heavy snowfall in the new polar regions.
There have been many attempts to determine if such “ice ages” occur in cycles, and if so, when the next one could be expected to begin, namely the astronomical theory, Croll’s Theory, Milankovich’s approach, and core samplings, to name a few.’ If crustal shift is interrelated with the onset of ice ages, then the recurring patterns of ice ages should help us predict crustal shifts. For example, one ice age theory based on earth strata studies indicates that following each ice age, broad-leafed deciduous trees cover the earth, followed after many thousands of years by conifers, later by grasslands, and finally by wind-blown silt of the next glacial age. Repeated layers of this soil strata combination suggest a predictable ten to twelve thousand year cyclical pattern. “On the basis of this definition the present interglacial age – the Holocene Epoch – began about 10,000 years ago…and can be expected to end within the next 2,000 years.”* This estimate encompasses that of the government scientists, who predicted that the next “flip” of the earth could occur as early as seventeen years from the date of their study, which was conducted in 1947. Accordingly, this pending geological event could occur at any time, causing the extinction of many lifeforms, possibly including our own.
Just as a toy top or a gyroscope will occasionally wobble under certain circumstances, apparently the earth too has intermittently “toppled” when its poles sought to converge, causing its crust to make dramatic shifts off the polar axis. It is possible that along with accompanying violent climatic changes and massive tidal waves that could inundate land masses, there would undoubtedly also be earthquakes and volcanic activity along the tectonic plates and within new mountain range formations, resulting in toxic gas emissions that would take a heavy toll on life. Massive temperature differentials caused by the ice caps in the lower latitudes would create unstable weather conditions throughout the globe, resulting in electrical and dust storms, tornados and hurricanes. Needless to say, a post-flip environment would undoubtedly be a hostile one.
It is possible that the polar-flip theory could also explain other observations. Not only could polar flips be the predominant natural phenomena responsible for the reshaping of our planet, but they could also explain mass extinctions and provide a basis for understanding the stages of evolutionary progression. It is fairly well recognized that there is no scientific evidence to indicate smooth evolutionary transitions from more primitive species to more advanced ones. In fact, studies indicate that each new species seems to have come into existence all of a sudden, almost as though they were created.
Hostile conditions following a flip might produce an environment in which only the most adaptable species would survive. It is easy to speculate that such conditions may have brought about the extinction of Neanderthal Man, who may have been faced with a more difficult and complex survival situation than his reasoning skills could cope with.
At the same time, the budding strain of Cro-Magnon man, with a greater cranial capacity and more adaptability, may have much more easily adjusted to the demands of a hostile environment and thus emerged as Modern Man. Possibly stimulated and challenged to overcome the conditions caused by a flip, he became the most fitting creature to dominate the earth. In past history, when competitors or biological pressures were eliminated by catastrophic change, oftentimes those species more suited to adaptation underwent a form of explosive evolution to fill the biological gaps.
Perhaps, with another geological upheaval facing us, we are now once again on the verge of a new quantum leap in what we might call “creative evolution”, or transitioning to the next higher stage in human development. With a more developed intelligence, potential to learn and capacity for invention, we may be even better suited to manage our survival and direct our destiny than any creature that has faced catastrophic change in the past. Although, while we have the capacity to survive, the issue is whether we have the will and the wisdom to plan and prepare for what the future may bring. Not only does the viability of our civilization hang in the balance, but so does the very future of our species.
Practically all of the experiences of the 46th/72nd Recon Squadron would be duplicated in major portions of the world in the event of a geological cataclysm. Knowledge of how to build or rebuild a home with scarce materials would be useful. In addition, finding available natural food sources would also be beneficial, as would the ability to conduct successful search and rescue efforts, though on a larger scale. Training in arctic survival would be critical for certain, as of yet undetermined, areas of the globe, as well as an understanding of transportation maintenance in subfreezing climates. Our education systems clearly need to foster not only the natural curiosity needed to solve complex survival and reconstruction problems, but also the dedication to accomplish difficult tasks under adverse circumstances. Wouldn’t survival of catastrophic change make a sound national or global objective?
The apparent prerequisite for crustal shift is the movement of the magnetic pole toward the geographic pole, and according to the U.S. Geological Survey, this prerequisite is being met. From 1831 until 1945, the magnetic north pole remained almost static on Boothia Peninsula in the Northwest Territory of Canada, moving only 24 miles in 114 years. However, in 1947, Frank Klein’s plottings revealed that the magnetic pole had begun a dramatic northward progression. All told, from 1945 to 1993, the magnetic pole has moved 480 miles northward toward the geographic pole with an average closure rate of approximately 10 miles per year. Today, only 688 miles separate the two poles. Until further research is conducted, exactly when the break and rapid acceleration of the magnetic pole toward the geographic pole will occur is unknown.
At one of the scientific meetings that Major White attended in the Pentagon in early 1948, the scientists discussed the advisability of alerting the public to the pending polar-flip phenomenon. None of the scientists would agree to withhold the information from the public; but, on the other hand, neither could they agree on how to release it. The knowledge of this phenomenon, some felt, could in itself destroy the moral fiber of society. Their fears were apparently unfounded when, in the early 1950s, information about the flip phenomenon was released in both a newspaper column and a magazine article, but surprisingly generated no responses from an apparently stunned, parochial or incredulous public. It would seem that today’s society, however, with its access to vast amounts of information and technological capability, should be better equipped to offer the sophisticated, profuse and innovative solutions that the situation would seem to require.
Only by making the facts known can we begin to mobilize the resources and brainpower necessary to overcome the obstacles. Clearly, a society that can deal responsibly with the concept of catastrophic change has the best chance of preparing for and surviving the change itself. What we do to prepare for the upcoming polar flip and its aftermath will amount to nothing less than a safeguard against total disaster. The difference between human beings and other creatures is that our destiny is not carved in stone. With purpose, ingenuity and fortitude, we can change it if we so endeavor.
Of possible interest is the curious choice of words of the early psalmists:
God is our refuge and strength,
A very present help in trouble.
Therefore we will not fear,
Though the earth should change,
And though the mountains
slip into the heart of the sea;
Though its waters roar and foam,
Though the mountains quake
at its swelling pride.
(Psalm 46, vv. 1-4)
Bless the Lord, O my soul!…
…He established the earth
upon its foundations,
So that it will not totter
forever and ever.
Thou didst cover it with
the deep as with a garment;
The waters were standing
above the mountains.
At Thy rebuke they fled;
At the sound of Thy thunder
they hurried away.
The mountains rose;
the valleys sank down
To the place which Thou
established for them.
Thou didst set a boundary
that they may not pass over;
That they may not return
to cover the earth…
…Let the glory of the Lord
Let the Lord be glad in
He looks at the earth,
and it trembles;
He touches the mountains,
and they smoke.
I will sing to the Lord as
long as I live;
I will sing praise to my
God while I have my
(Psalm 104, wv. 5-9, 31-33)
Although the next polar flip could commence at any moment, until our governments and scientific institutions begin to seriously study this phenomenon and take the appropriate actions to prepare for global change; it appears that prayer is the only thing we have going for us.
The editorial reviews for World in Peril further establish the credentials of this source:
- General Colin Powell, as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, wrote that World in Peril is “a fascinating account of the significant contributions of the 46th/72nd Reconnaissance Squadron during those critical, early days of the Cold War.”
- As Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, General Andrew J. Goodpaster, called World in Peril “…a magnificent bit of history…”.
- General David C. Jones, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said of the book that it was “a most fascinating story; well researched and written … I am impressed!”
- Donald Spooner, the Executive Director of the USAF Scientific Advisory Board, said that the book was “a fine piece of work…based on solid research.”
- The Director of the Center for Air Force History, Jacob Neufeld, asserted that World in Peril was “a truly superb job” and “a proud achievement.”
- Jeff Ethell, the late renowned aviation historian, called the book “THE definitive reference source for this period of history.”
- The book was also acknowledged by Zbigniew Brzezinski as “an important issue.”
- The Administrator of NASA, Daniel S. Goldin, stated that World in Peril was “an insight into some very interesting and significant investigations…”
- In addition, Leonard A. Fisk, the Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications, NASA, wrote to the author that “your book raises some interesting concepts regarding the nature and stability of the Earth’s magnetic field. My congratulations on your contributions to science and research.”